The fundamental differences between English and Korean

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Hoonie Sun英語
2018年6月15日
25
2分
As a complete beginner taking on Korean for the first time, you are often at the mercy of an incomprehensible, overwhelming flood of information that floats around the internet. Without knowing where to start, many have gotten discouraged to set their foot in the otherwise pleasant Korean learning journey.

Learning the Korean alphabet is one thing. Understanding and applying the Korean grammar is another thing that needs to be thoroughly taken care of. I would like to take the time to point out the major differences in the make up of a sentence in English and Korean.

Whereas in English the order of words is tremendously important, things are not quite the same in Korean. In Korean, there are particles which act as indicators of what sort of role proceeding nouns play. Let's take 이/가, one of the two groups of subject particles, for an example. Let us also imagine there is an imaginary person called Donald, which could be written in Korean as 도날드. In order to indicate Donald is the agent of an act, the subject, in a sentence, the subject particle, 가, is simply added right behind it: 도날드가; Depending on how the proceeding noun ends, whether in a consonant or a vowel, either of the two aforementioned subject particle follows; In this case, since the word, 도날드, ends in a vowel, the subject particle, 가, is added.

Another thing to keep in mind is that Korean is a predicate-final languages, meaning all sentences end with verbs or adjectives at the end. Let's make use of the transitive verb: to eat, 먹다 in Korean; Transitive verbs require objects to act on. Our job here is to translate the english sentence "Donald eats an apple" into Korean. (apple is 사과 in Korean) Taking into consideration the principle of ending a sentence with a verb, we are able to cook up a Korean equivalent: 도날드는 사과를 먹다 (를 is an object particle, which we will get into a later lesson). As you can see, the verb comes at the very last in the sentence.

One last thing to address is that Korean is a pronoun-drop language, meaning Korean does not make use of pronouns like she, he, it, they as much as English. During your Korean learning journey, you will more often than not run into a sentence without a subject. If we can deduce what the subject is in context, there is no need for a repeat.
The sentence 먹었다 (었 is a past-tense suffix) is a complete sentence in itself if the subject of the verb could be understood in context. Where in English, just saying "ate" is grammatically incorrect as the verb requires a subject like pronouns or nouns.

That was a crash course on the Korean grammar that is quite unique from English! I hope you have taken away the three key points!

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Are you looking to speak like a native Korean with an excellent grasp on how to express yourself to the last detail? Are you excited to learn the language yet unsure of where to start in the midst of tortuous sea of information out on the internet? Do you need someone experienced to guide your learning through and help you become articulate as fast as time allows for? If you’ve said “yes” to any of the questions above, taking lessons under the guidance of the experienced Korean trainer will reap you greater linguistic outcomes! Hello, my name is Hoonie. Over the past 5 years, I have developed a holistic, systematic curriculum to get you the most efficient educational footing. The curriculum contains main topics which concentrate on all aspects of the language learning: listening, reading, speaking, and writing. These main topics will be broken down into sub-topics, each of which has an intro portion and also comes thoroughly packaged with three essential elements: learning concepts, evidence demonstrating those concepts, and valid application of them. Every lesson is prepared for the learner to take away 3 to 5 cherry-picked learning points, which are elaborated with examples during the lesson. For example, during a lesson with a focus on tenses, three to five different learning points about them will be introduced. In addition to learning points, there will be a brief review at the beginning and the end of the lecture to help the student remember key concepts. A variety of exercises, in the discretion of the student, are handed out to solidify their understanding. To sum it up, I am very excited to be part of your learning journey and be the one who could take you where you want to go in terms of fluency. It is just not the excitement that counts but thoroughly structured lessons that promise fruitful results in a timely fashion. If you would like to hear more about what I can offer, please drop me a message and we could discuss further! :)
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韓国語
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オーストラリア
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韓国語
ネイティブ
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英語
ネイティブ
Are you looking to speak like a native Korean with an excellent grasp on how to express yourself to the last detail? Are you excited to learn the language yet unsure of where to start in the midst of tortuous sea of information out on the internet? Do you need someone experienced to guide your learning through and help you become articulate as fast as time allows for? If you’ve said “yes” to any of the questions above, taking lessons under the guidance of the experienced Korean trainer will reap you greater linguistic outcomes! Hello, my name is Hoonie. Over the past 5 years, I have developed a holistic, systematic curriculum to get you the most efficient educational footing. The curriculum contains main topics which concentrate on all aspects of the language learning: listening, reading, speaking, and writing. These main topics will be broken down into sub-topics, each of which has an intro portion and also comes thoroughly packaged with three essential elements: learning concepts, evidence demonstrating those concepts, and valid application of them. Every lesson is prepared for the learner to take away 3 to 5 cherry-picked learning points, which are elaborated with examples during the lesson. For example, during a lesson with a focus on tenses, three to five different learning points about them will be introduced. In addition to learning points, there will be a brief review at the beginning and the end of the lecture to help the student remember key concepts. A variety of exercises, in the discretion of the student, are handed out to solidify their understanding. To sum it up, I am very excited to be part of your learning journey and be the one who could take you where you want to go in terms of fluency. It is just not the excitement that counts but thoroughly structured lessons that promise fruitful results in a timely fashion. If you would like to hear more about what I can offer, please drop me a message and we could discuss further! :)

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