Preterite or Imperfect?

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Jesselya Zamora英語
2017年9月20日
454
1分
Preterite and imperfect, both verbs can be used in Spanish depending upon the meaning.

Take a look at these examples:
  1. Martha corrió por dos horas.
(Martha ran for two hours)
  • This sentence express an action thta is already completed.Use of th epreterite tense implies that the past action had a definite beginning an end.

  1. Martha corría todas las mañanas.
(Martha ran every morning)
  • The sentence express an action in the past not completed. The action did not have a definite end.
The preterite is more specific whereas the imperfect tells us in general when an action took place.
The preterite is used for:
  1. The completion of past actions or states.
  2. The beginning and the end of past actions.

The imperfect is used for:
  1. Actions and states in progressive at some focused point in the past.
  2. Habitual past actions.
  3. Repetitious past actions.

Preterite:

Completed action:
  • Me mudé a New York en el 2012.
(I moved to New York in 2012)

Narrate a sequence of events:
  • Primero fuí a la casa de Pedro, luego fuí a la escuela y llegué a casa a las tres de la tarde.
(First, I wento to Pedro´s house, then I went to school, and I arrived home at three in the afternoon)

The beginning or the ending of an action or a state:
  • El tiempo mejoró.
(The weather improved)
  • Dejó de nevar.
(It stopped snowing)

Imperfect:

A habitual action in the past:
  • Mi familia y yo ibamos a la iglesia los Domingos.
(My family and I went to church every Sunday)

*Descriptins in the past:

  • De pequeña tenia el pelo liso.
(When I was a little girl, I had straight hair)

To describe physical, emotional and mental states:
  • Yo estaba enojado.
(I was angry)
  • Yo quería gritar.
(I wanted to scream)

When you describe what people were doing or used to do. When you describe what something or someone look like use the IMPERFECT TENSE.

However, the stories that happened within these settings happen in the PRETERITE. The preterite will interrupt the action that was going on.
  • Mis amigos miraban la television cuando la policia llegó.
(My friends watched the television, when the police arrived)

The second component of the sentence is the preterite that interrupted the imperfect, the action that was going on.

Hope this article is helpful. If you have more questions about learning Spanish, you can contact me on Verbling.
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スペイン語
globe
ニカラグア
time
21
英語
ネイティブ
,
スペイン語
ネイティブ
,
フランス語
A2
Hola! My name is Jesselya. I am an experienced Spanish language tutor with eight years of experience teaching to people from all over the world. I have a degree in Spanish as a Second Language along with solid educational foundation an passion for teaching. I am extremely enthusiastic about cultural immersion. For the past five years, I have been working as a private Spanish language tutor catering to students, travelers and corporate clients. I conduct both one-on-one and group tutoring lessons focusing on reading, writing and speaking, with a particular focus on business, medical and legal Spanish vocabulary and terminology. I am also a Freelance Spanish translator and interpreter. I have experience working with adults and children delivering a specialized curriculum for every student. I worked for the National University of Nicaragua UNAN as a Spanish Language tutor. I taught two intensive courses at the University, Spanish and Hispanic Culture. Both courses were designed for incoming students from Norway that were going to spend a semester or a year in Nicaragua. I worked for Montgomery College, Takoma Park campus ( Maryland, US) as a Spanish peer tutor at the Writing and Learning Center. I also worked for Language Star (It is a language academy for kids and toddlers focused on interactive learning). In my classes I use grammar-translation approach, the direct approach, reading approach , audio-lingual approach and the communicative approach. I am committed and dedicated professional with a proven ability to teach, motivate and direct students to maximum performance by encouraging a positive and energetic environment.
Flag
スペイン語
globe
ニカラグア
time
21
英語
ネイティブ
,
スペイン語
ネイティブ
,
フランス語
A2
Hola! My name is Jesselya. I am an experienced Spanish language tutor with eight years of experience teaching to people from all over the world. I have a degree in Spanish as a Second Language along with solid educational foundation an passion for teaching. I am extremely enthusiastic about cultural immersion. For the past five years, I have been working as a private Spanish language tutor catering to students, travelers and corporate clients. I conduct both one-on-one and group tutoring lessons focusing on reading, writing and speaking, with a particular focus on business, medical and legal Spanish vocabulary and terminology. I am also a Freelance Spanish translator and interpreter. I have experience working with adults and children delivering a specialized curriculum for every student. I worked for the National University of Nicaragua UNAN as a Spanish Language tutor. I taught two intensive courses at the University, Spanish and Hispanic Culture. Both courses were designed for incoming students from Norway that were going to spend a semester or a year in Nicaragua. I worked for Montgomery College, Takoma Park campus ( Maryland, US) as a Spanish peer tutor at the Writing and Learning Center. I also worked for Language Star (It is a language academy for kids and toddlers focused on interactive learning). In my classes I use grammar-translation approach, the direct approach, reading approach , audio-lingual approach and the communicative approach. I am committed and dedicated professional with a proven ability to teach, motivate and direct students to maximum performance by encouraging a positive and energetic environment.

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