Numbers

It was my friend’s 30th birthday on April, 3rd, and she is now 30 years old. Let’s talk about numbers! Numbers are used in many forms. The way they are said and written can change according to the context. There are even some idioms that use numbers!

One of the most commonly confused aspects of numbers is the difference between Cardinal and Ordinal numbers. Cardinal numbers are the typical counting numbers: 1, 2, 3. Ordinal numbers are used for orders in sets: 1st, 2nd, 3rd. They are used for dates: April 22nd, March 5th, January 3rd. Ordinal numbers are frequently seen when they are used for: birthdays, weddings, sporting events, and prizes.

Example: Our wedding anniversary is on March 5th.
Example: “First place goes to the Green Team.”

How do you talk about money?


$30 “Thirty dollars”
$9.99 “Nine dollars and ninety-nine cents” or the more informal and common “nine ninety-nine”
Incorrect: “Nine ninety-nine dollars”

Plurals


When making a number plural add “s”, “es”, or “ies.” Do not use apostrophes.

Correct: “In the 1800s, tens, sixes, twenties, thirties…”
Incorrect: “In the 1800” or “in the 1800’s.”

Commas:


In numerals with more than three digits, use a comma after every third digit from right to left. Do not include numbers right of the decimal point in your count.

Example: 98,375,242,156,256,644,451

While we are at it, let’s review:

10 - ten
100 - one hundred
1,000 - one thousand
10,000 - ten thousand
100,000 - one hundred thousand
1,000,000 - one million
10,000,000 - ten million
100,000,000 - one hundred million
1,000,000,000 - one billion

Hyphens


When they are written as words, whole numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine are hyphenated.

Example: Forty-three people won the prize this year.


En-dashes


Use an en-dash to separate digits in a range.

Example: 1–15 “one to fifteen"

The Number Sign or Pound Sign #


Example: #5 “number five”

General use of numbers:


Time:
Example: 8:45 p.m.

Dates:
Example: April 6, 1986 “April sixth, nineteen eighty-six”

Phone numbers:
Example: 410-706-7725

(Did you know there is a way to say phone numbers in the US? It is usually “4-1-0, 7-0-6, 7-7, 2-5.” If you say it differently, it may confuse people. How do people say phone numbers in your country?)

Measurements:
Example: 20, 40, 50, and 70 cm
Ratios:
Example: 3:1 “three to one”

Percents:
Example: 39% Example: Thirty-nine percent

Common expressions:


The restaurant is open 24 hours.
It is a 24-hour restaurant.
The grocery store is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (another way to say this is 24/7.)
Many people in the US have a 5-day work week.
The student is 20 years old.
He is a 20-year-old student.
She has a 10 month old. (Not a 10 months old.)

Some idioms with numbers:


second nature
meaning: so familiar that you can do it easily
She has studied English so much that it has become second nature to her.

second to none
meaning: the best
That pizza place is second to none.

put two and two together
meaning: to figure a problem out using the information you have
I hope that you are able to put two and two together after reading about numbers!

at first sight
meaning: appears to have the features you describe when you first see it but later it is found to be different.
At first sight, the paper seemed daunting, but it turned out to be an easy and fun read!

love at first sight
meaning: instantly attracted
When I saw her it was love at first sight.

on second thought
meaning: after thinking about something you have changed your opinion
Have a good day. On second thought, have a great day!
2019年4月19日
$18.00
USD/

David

5.00
$18.00
USD/
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米国
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使用できる言語:
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I focus on your goals and use fun and effective lessons to attain them! I am a native English speaker from the USA. I have lived in New Jersey, Texas, California, Taiwan and Hawaii. I am a professional English Teacher. I have taught ESL for over 2 years in Taiwan and online. I am qualified and prepared to teach lessons in Business English, Conversation Practice, IELTS, Grammar, Writing, and Pronunciation. MY TEACHING STYLE I am a kind and patient teacher. I believe learning should be fun! I use many different kinds of teaching styles, materials, and exercises. LET'S GET STARTED! Please take a look at my schedule and pick a time that's good for you to have our first session. If you don't see any sessions available it means I'm already fully booked for that day. Send me a message if you have any questions! I am looking forward to meeting you soon!
Flag
英語
globe
米国
time
79
使用できる言語:
英語
ネイティブ
I focus on your goals and use fun and effective lessons to attain them! I am a native English speaker from the USA. I have lived in New Jersey, Texas, California, Taiwan and Hawaii. I am a professional English Teacher. I have taught ESL for over 2 years in Taiwan and online. I am qualified and prepared to teach lessons in Business English, Conversation Practice, IELTS, Grammar, Writing, and Pronunciation. MY TEACHING STYLE I am a kind and patient teacher. I believe learning should be fun! I use many different kinds of teaching styles, materials, and exercises. LET'S GET STARTED! Please take a look at my schedule and pick a time that's good for you to have our first session. If you don't see any sessions available it means I'm already fully booked for that day. Send me a message if you have any questions! I am looking forward to meeting you soon!
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