Today I’m going to teach you one of the most difficult things in Portuguese: when to use SER and ESTAR.
We use SER to describe the how someone or something is always.
We use ESTAR for transitory or not permanent conditions or characteristics, how a thing is at the moment.
That’s why we say, for example:
- Ele está doente (He’s sick)
But we can also say…
- Ele é doente (He’s sick)
What’s the difference?
Ele está doente (He’s a healthy person, but he’s sick at the moment).
Ele é doente (Probably he has an incurable disease or he’s mentally sick).
See below more uses of the verbs ser and estar.
- Eu sou brasileiro (I’m Brazilian)
- Ele é dentista (He's dentist)
- Ele é meu pai (He’s my father)
- A escola é no centro da cidade (The school is the center city)
- Eu estou em casa (I’m at home)
Eu estou feliz (I’m happy)
Eu estou confuso (I’m confused)
Eu estou doente (I’m sick)
Eu estou cansado (I’m tired)
Besides all these cases, there are also some tricky things about SER and ESTAR. Watch the video and find out.
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